Moderate alcohol consumption and stop smoking
Our livers can only process or break down a small amount of alcohol per hour. Excess alcohol can then damage liver cells, leading to inflammation and fibrosis, and eventually the development of cirrhosis and liver cancer. Try not to drink alcohol, and if you can’t resist, consume a maximum of no more than two beers a day. Stop smoking. There are some studies linking smoking to the development of liver cancer and smoking also enhances the toxic effects of certain drugs such as paracetamol on the liver.
Regular exercise and an active lifestyle
Regular exercise is the key to a healthy liver. Exercise reduces the stress on the liver and helps prevent obesity. Obesity, especially abdominal or central obesity, is a major risk factor for developing a fatty liver. A balanced diet and regular exercise can achieve and maintain a healthy weight.
A balanced and healthy diet: less high-fat foods and more fibre.
High fat and high cholesterol are common causes of fatty liver. Reduce the number of saturated fats, trans fats and hydrogenated fats in your diet. Saturated fats are found in fried foods, red meat and dairy products. Processed foods contain trans and hydrogenated fats. Excessive fat storage in the liver and fat accumulation can eventually lead to a fatty liver. Eat plenty of high fibre foods such as fruit, vegetables and whole grains. For protein, choose fish, white meat, beans and nuts with high protein content and reduce your intake of red meat.
Get vaccinated against hepatitis A and B, as both viral hepatitis types can severely damage liver function and many patients eventually develop cirrhosis and liver cancer. Hepatitis A is contracted from contaminated food and water. Avoid eating raw contaminated seafood or shellfish. Hepatitis B can be contracted through sexual contact, contaminated blood and needles. Safe sex not only prevents STIs such as HIV but also prevents hepatitis virus infection. Avoid unnecessary sharing of toothbrushes, razors, needles and other personal care products.
Be careful with herbal medicines and drugs that may damage the liver.
Some of these over-the-counter or prescription medicines contain heavy metals or unknown toxins. They can cause liver toxicity or can interfere with and affect the normal function of the liver. Overdosing on herbal supplements may lead to liver inflammation and may result in irreversible liver damage or even failure. Once you need to take herbal medicine such Proganic, 馬來西亞保肝寧最好的肝病中藥 which means The best liver medicine for liver disease in Malaysia, you may have to ask doctors for consultation beforehand.
Use diet pills with caution and avoid diets that are popular and harmful, such as so-called Purgatory and light fasting.
Some over-the-counter diet pills may contain toxins and ingredients that are harmful to your liver, and panting and fasting that make your weight fluctuate dramatically up and down can put undue stress on your liver. Avoid any diets that involve significant weight loss in an unrealistically short period of time, as these diets are often lacking in essential nutrients and are harmful to your liver. Be cautious with diets that supposedly have liver cleansing and detoxifying properties; no particular diet has been proven to cleanse the liver.